What’s In This Guide
What eats every animal in its path, raids other ant colonies, and migrates to find more food? An army ant colony!
Army ants are amazing creatures! Not only have they founded nests, developed a social hierarchy, and migrated to other areas, but they also have a very interesting life cycle and colony structure.
Genus and Species:
Army ants are referred to as bivouacs — a cluster of ants. Their nests have chambers and corridors where they can bring in prey and transport eggs are being transported to other areas in the nest.
Army ants kill and eat up to 100,000 animals in a day. Together they can kill lizards, snakes, chickens, pigs, goats, scorpions, and many other animals. They also climb trees and eat birds plus insects that may live in trees.
This is how they know which colony and nest they belong to. They use their antennae to communicate as well. The thorax is connected to the head by joints called nodes. The thorax is between the head and abdomen. It is connected to the abdomen by a narrow waist called the petiole. The abdomen is in the shape of an oval. That is where the stomach, large intestine, sting, etc. are located.
Egg – larva – pupa – adult
The eggs are microscopic and white or yellowish in color.
Larvae do not have eyes or legs. They build a cocoon around themselves.
The pupa is a relatively non-mobile stage.
When an individual leaves its cocoon, it is now an adult ant and belongs to a caste.
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